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Monkey Puzzle

Monkey Puzzle Tree (Araucaria araucana)

The Monkey Puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana) is a coniferous tree sometimes known as the Araucarian or Chilean pine, although it is not actually a pine species. It is the hardiest member of the genus Araucaria, in the Araucariaceae family, the other members of which are found widely scattered in Oceania, northern Australia and parts of South America. The Monkey Puzzle is native to the south-central Andes, the main habitat region being situated at latitudes between 37.5 and 39.5ºS. It is found mainly on the Chilean side, typically above 1000m. The climate is mild temperate and annual rainfall is 1250-2000mm (in one locality up to 4000mm).

In their native habitat Monkey Puzzle trees can grow up to 48m high and live for over 1200 years. Mature trees produce large cones, each of which contains up to 200 nuts. The nuts are both tasty and nutritious and have been long prized as a food by indigenous peoples. In the wild, trees begin to produce nuts at around 25-40 years. However, there is strong evidence that cultivated trees begin flowering much earlier in life (early flowering in a common phenomena in cultivated seed-grown trees and may be partly due to root stress during the first few years). The first cones have been recorded on some cultivated Monkey Puzzle trees at around 15 years.

Popular as an ornamental tree, the Monkey Puzzle has been planted in many northern hemisphere countries and is found growing well as far north as 63ºN in western Norway. It will tolerate wet maritime climates, salt exposure, and winter temperatures down to -20°C.

Monkey Puzzle seeds

The seeds are from a sustainable source, collected by the nursery this autumn (2017) and are of a very high quality (much higher quality than most online sources) and are currently stored in damp compost in refrigerated conditions at 5C. The seeds can be sown straight away, or stored in cool conditions over the winter and then sown in the spring, either in pots or a well prepared seed bed. In outdoor temperatures, the seeds are slow to germinate - it can sometimes take six months or more - but they will germinate much faster in warm conditions. The young seedlings are vulnerable to damping off so will do better in a free draining soil or compost. However, if sowing in pots, take care that the pots do not dry out.

Orders are normally despatched within one week of payment being received. Delivery to other European countries normally takes 6-10 days.

Quantity Price

Shipping *

* anywhere in EU. The seeds are sent recorded delivery so can be tracked. There are approximately 300 seeds per kg. Detailed cultural instructions are sent with each order

A small proportion of the seeds are already sprouting. Generally we do not separate them. However, If you would prefer not to have sprouted seeds in your order, please indicate at the time of ordering.



To order, just send an email stating your requirements, your address and a contact phone number. We will confirm the total price by email. Once we receive payment your order will go in a queue for packing and despatch.

Payment by Electronic Bank Transfer

Payment can be made directly into our bank account. This is the most efficient form of payment for international payments.

Bank of Ireland, High St, Westport, Co. Mayo, Ireland


IBAN: IE24 BOFI 9039 9855 6164 27

Account: Sustainability Institute

The IBAN should be entered as one continuous number (no gaps).

If you are paying by electronic bank transfer please state your name in the space provided. This makes it easier for us to see who has paid for which orders.